Undergoing lasik eye surgery can dramatically improve your life and the way you see it. However, whether or not you are a good candidate for the procedure depends on the results received when you undergo a comprehensive vision exam that is done by an experienced eye doctor. He or she will determine your personal visual needs and if LASIK is a good fit for you.
Lasik surgery is designed to correct myopia or nearsightedness, hyperopia which is also known as farsightedness, and astigmatism. Once you have undergone an eye evaluation, you will then have the chance to discuss the different options that are available and he or she will help you to determine which one would improve both your current condition and your lifestyle.
Additionally, you should also be in good eye health, as well as in good overall health. This means that your current eyeglass and/or contact lens prescription should fall within certain limits and you should not have an eye disease that needs to be treated. This includes the need for keratoconus treatment, uncontrolled glaucoma, severe cataracts, corneal disease and certain retinal and optic nerve diseases. Moreover, you should not have any residual or active eye conditions. This includes optic neuritis, ocular herpes, and some cases of amblyopia or lazy eye as well as strabismus or muscle imbalance or any current or recurring infections.
When it comes to your overall health, in addition to having to be at least 18 years old, in order to be a good candidate for LASIK eye surgery, you should not have an autoimmune disease, such as Lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, or multiple sclerosis. Moreover, if you have diabetes, it must be well managed and under control and you should not have diabetic retinopathy.
Be sure to tell your surgeon about all the medications you are taking and have taken in the last year as certain health conditions may require medications that can slow or prevent healing. Finally, you cannot be pregnant or nursing or plan to become pregnant in the six months after the procedure and if you are nursing, you should wait until three months after you have finished as hormonal fluctuations can affect vision stability.
Also, be aware that you will not be able to wear contact lenses for an extended period of time prior to the surgery. This is because contacts temporarily alter the shape of your corneas. The amount of time you have to go without contacts will be determined by your ophthalmologist as this will ensure that the laser is programmed to reflect your true visual state and allow the procedure to be its most effective.
As with any medical procedure, it is best to discuss your options with a medical professional so that you make a proper, informed decision that improves your life. Also, once the procedure is complete, you should rest your eyes immediately and use eye drops to continue to the lubrication of your eyes after surgery. You should also keep any and all follow-up visits to check on the progression of your eye healing and health.